High-tech economy: factors of formation, priorities and development mechanisms in Kazakhstan

Knowledge-based economy: formation factors, priorities and development mechanisms in Kazakhstan

Leader of the Research project Alzhanova F. G., Doctor of Economics, Head Researcher

The aim of the first stage (2018) is to identify the factors of the formation of a knowledge-based economy and develop a methodology for its analysis and measurement in Kazakhstan.
Results of the first stage (2018):
– The factors of the formation of a knowledge-based economy are identified taking into account the changing context of their content and development in the conditions of Industry 4.0., Including such as knowledge, human resources, structural factors, the factor of technological globalization, factors of digital preparedness, infrastructure factors, institutional factors.
– The elements of the resource potential of the high-tech economy that determine the change in the structure of the high-tech economy in the context of the development of industry 4.0 are identified, including the identification of new structural elements of the high-tech economy, such as artificial intelligence, robotic systems, machine learning, the virtual environment, and the main groups of challenges for the development of Industry 4.0 are identified.
– Foreign methods of analysis, measurement and evaluation of the knowledge-based economy are generalized, the main criteria and indicators of the knowledge-based economy are highlighted.
– The requirements for the development of a methodology for assessing a knowledge-based economy, which reflect the consideration of factors in the formation of a knowledge-based economy, are justified; data accessibility and transparency; comparability of data and results over time; correlation with the tasks of Modernization 3.0 and Industry 4.0., a working evaluation methodology has been developed, containing factors and indicators of a knowledge-based economy.

Scientific results are reflected in the following foreign rating editions of RSCI and SCOPUS databases:

1. Альжанова Ф.Г., Сатпаева З.Т., Мусаева Д., Дюсебаева Ж., Абилкаир Н. Мегатренды мировой экономики и их влияние на развитие Казахстана (0,45 п.л.) // World Science. – 2018. – Т.3, № 6(34). – С. 12-18. https://doi.org/10.31435/rsglobal_ws/12062018/5829
2. Алибекова Г.Ж. Вопросы оценки эффективности программ коммерциализации (0,3 п.л.) // Экономика и бизнес: теория и практика. – 2018. – № 7. – С. 5-8. https://elibrary.ru/download/elibrary_35377556_69540078.pdf

The aim at the second stage (2019) is to develop forecast scenarios for the development of traditional and new industries in the knowledge-based economy.

The main results of the second stage of research (2019):
– analysis and evaluation of changes in traditional industries under the influence of digitalization factors;
– assessment of the initial state, current dynamics and structure of the economy of Kazakhstan;
– forecast scenarios of dynamics and structure of the economy and sectors forming the core of the knowledge-based economy are presented, taking into account the structural features of the knowledge-based economy in the conditions of Industry 4.0.;
– the conditions of synchronization of the third technological modernization with the priorities of Industry 4.0 are considered.

Scientific results are reflected in the following foreign rating editions of RSCI and SCOPUS databases:

1. Альжанова Ф., Днишев Ф. Проблемы модернизации и структурные изменения в Казахстане и странах Евразийского Экономического Союза // Интеллект. Инновации. Инвестиции. – 2019. – № 3. – С. 10-18. https://elibrary.ru/download/elibrary_38243610_39911324.pdf
2. Alzhanova F., Amrin A., Dyussebayeva Zh., Urdabayev M. (2019). Comparative analysis of the dynamics of knowledge-intensive industries in Eurasian Space. KODISA International Conference «Science, Technology and Humanities for Business and Economic Sustainability» (ICBE 2019) in Seoul, South Korea, July 7-10, 2019. Seoul. Dunam Publishing, 2019. P. 223-226. (Scopus, Web of Science Core Collection) https://doi.org/10.35646/kodisa.icbe.2019.7.5.157
3. Днишев Ф.М. Региональные точки роста наукоемких секторов экономики в Казахстане. // РАН ИНИОН. Ежегодник «Россия: тенденция и перспективы развития». – Вып. 14, Ч.2. – М., 2019. – С. 278 – 280. https://elibrary.ru/download/elibrary_41381722_31585061.pdf

Implementations:
Reference on the use of research results in preparation of the Decree of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated June 8, 2011 № 645 «On approval of the Rules for the accreditation of subjects of scientific and (or) scientific and technical activity» from the Committee of Science of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan № 1059/16-10 dated 24.06.2019 signed by the deputy chairman E. Sadykov.